Free Speech In Taiwan

Taiwanese students in the U.S., trying to share these events in Taiwan with the world.

To Obey or no to Obey, This is the Question

with one comment

By linanne10

(originally post on Sociological eye)

While most of the discussions on equality and political change occur around the presidential election in United States last week, events of civil rights movement are not limited to the US continent. A student-led protest for the freedom of speech and assembly is burning through out the island of Formosa. On November 3rd, the representative from China’s Association of Relations Across the Taiwan Strait (ARATS), Chen Yunlin, came to visit Taiwan and met with the Taiwanese current president, Ma Ying-jeou, on trade agreements and economic cooperation between Taiwan and China. Due to political beliefs, hundreds of protestors gathered around the venue to protest against the meeting. Government officials required that all protesting activities should be shield off within Chen Yunlin’s eye-sight. Taiwanese flags were banned, protesting groups were expelled or arrested, Taiwanese songs were shut off in near by record stores and there were also violence conduct by polices against civilians. This induced a protest led by students against the “law on assembly and parade” in Taiwan. The law on assembly and parade in Taiwan restricts the people’s mobility and freedom to carry out protests, while reinforcing government agencies’ power to monitor and control such events. Liberty and freedom are crucially at stake in this political incident.

Two important aspects of liberty manifested in the protest could find their roots in theories of civil and social rights. Political and social scientist, Deborah Stone, has distinguished between two kinds of liberty: negative liberty and positive liberty. Negative liberty defines rights as the absence of constraint among citizens, while positive liberty defines rights as active provision of opportunities and resources by the government to citizens. The freedom of speech and assembly could be seen as a negative liberty. There should be as less government intervention as possible when members of a society attempt to express their opinions and ideas, no matter what form they take on. A positive notion is also at work in framing the concept of liberty. In order to enable minority groups to express their opinions and ideas more freely, and voice beyond the overwhelming oppression of mainstream ideologies, official agencies should actively provide a secured space and platform for expression. In this on going protest, the students merely request for negative liberty, trying to lift regulations violating basic human rights. Before the law on parade and assembly is abolished, it is hard to ask the government to assure more positive liberty for the freedom of speech.

However, in terms of legal conflicts of the act of the protest itself, a dilemma occurs. The law on parade and assembly demands that protestors have to apply to protest six days before the event. Certain issues are banned and certain locations are not allowed for assemblage. The protest follows the idea of “civil disobedience,” by the philosoper, Thoreau. The students insist on not applying for permission in order to manifest and protest against the absurdity of the law. They also insist on gathering in forbidden locations before expelled by force. The question here is: if citizens do not have to conform to the law when they see it as “illegitimate,” what authority would the law still retain in its ruling over members of the society?

Written by linanne10

November 13, 2008 at 11:10 pm

One Response

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  1. “The question here is: if citizens do not have to conform to the law when they see it as “illegitimate,” what authority would the law still retain in its ruling over members of the society?”

    1. Before you ask this question, please note that there is a term “civil disobedience” or “civil resistance”, which is one of the many ways people rebel against UNFAIR laws or laws that serve the interest of only a certain group of people, in this case, president Ma and his team (KMD).
    Civil resistance has been used in South Africa in the fight against apartheid and in the American civil rights movement…etc.
    On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Louise McCauley Parks refused to obey bus driver James Blake’s order that she gives up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Much similar civil disobedience like this is part of Civil Rights Movement.
    A nonviolent resistance is a very good way to walk towards democracy.

    2. The purpose of law is to protect its citizens and to prevent injustice, not to protect the government’s authority. When the students’ freedom to hold Taiwan’s national flag during Chinese representative’s visit is restricted, we wonder if the law is in favor of its citizen or of President Ma administration’s self interest.

    3. The president elected by the citizens should do things in the interest of the citizens, not in the interest of the president himself and his cabinet.
    4. Students’ peaceful demonstration during the visit of the representative of China ARATS was a peaceful way to communicate with the government and to inform the president about what Taiwanese citizens want and what they don’t agree on with the president’s decision. Indifference and ignore on the part of president Ma and his team only shows the world that they are ignoring Taiwanese citizen’s voices.

    Michelle

    November 19, 2008 at 7:29 pm


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